Afghanistan’s Mines

 
According to the UN’s Mine Action Planning Center for Afghanistan, the following are the most commonly found mines. They are all of Soviet manufacture.
Anti-Personnel Mines:
The PMN mine, designed in the 1950′s, is sturdy, dependable and lethal. It is a basic anti-personnel blast mine that contains large amounts of explosives, and is highly sensitive — a weight of just two pounds at the very edge of the mine is enough to set it off — and difficult to disarm.
Commonly known as the “butterfly mine” because of its shape, one “wing” of the PFM-1 contains liquid explosive. Millions were scattered from helicopters or launched from artillery during the Soviet war and occupation. Although the amount of explosive the PFM-1 contains is relatively small, it has proven especially dangerous to children, who mistake the small, delicate- looking mine for a toy.
The POMZ-2 is mounted on a stake, often in clusters or rows of four or more. Intricate systems of tripwires detonate the mine and send metal fragments spraying in all directions.
The Soviet version of the American M-18 Claymore, the MON-50 is a directional fragmentation mine. These mines are mounted above ground, against a tree or on a stake. Steel balls placed in the mine’s curved plate, in front of the explosive charge, shoot out in a 60 degree arc. They are especially effective when activated by remote control and used against convoys.